Volume 25, Issue 1 (7 2012)                   jdm 2012, 25(1): 33-40 | Back to browse issues page

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Davari A, Danesh Kazemi A, Aboali M. Effect of two surface sealants on microleakage of class V resin composite restorations. jdm 2012; 25 (1) :33-40
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-45-en.html
Abstract:   (11691 Views)

Background and Aims: When composite resin polymerizes, shrinkage stresses tend to produce gaps at the tooth/ restoration interfaces. Surface sealants may reduce or avoid problems related to the marginal interface. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different surface sealants (Fortify and Optiguard) on the microleakage of class V resin composite restorations.

Materials and Methods: Twenty three sound noncarious molars were collected. Totally, 45 Class V cavities with the occlusal margins in enamel and cervical margins in cementum were prepared in both buccal and lingual surfaces. The specimens were randomly assigned in three groups (15 cavities in each group) and then restored with a resin composite. After the finishing and polishing procedures, the restorations in each group were covered with a specific surface sealant, except for the control samples, which were not sealed. After placing restorations, the specimens were thermocycled and then immersed in a 50% silver nitrate solution (tracer agent) for four hours, sectioned longitudinally and analyzed for leakage using a stereomicroscope in a blind manner. The marginal microleakage was evaluated at the occlusal and cervical interfaces and compared among the three groups using the Kruskall-Wallis and the Mann-Whitney U tests.

Results: Microleakage was found in all groups at both occlusal and cervical margins. Significantly greater leakage was observed at the cervical margins compared to the enamel margins of the material groups (P=0.005). There was no statistically significant difference among the groups at occlusal margins (P=0.66). In the cervical region, Fortify showed improved results and statistically presented the lowest degree of microleakage (P=0.003).

Conclusion: The used sealant materials presented different rates of effectiveness and Fortify decreased marginal microleakage significantly.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: general
Received: 2011/07/19 | Accepted: 2012/01/16 | Published: 2013/09/17

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