Volume 20, Issue 2 (9 2007)                   jdm 2007, 20(2): 150-155 | Back to browse issues page

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Abolghasemi A, Hajjaran M, Kiamarsi A. The effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral interventions in reduction of distress resulting from dentistry procedures. jdm. 2007; 20 (2) :150-155
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-228-en.html
Abstract:   (4427 Views)

Background and Aim: Dental anxiety is a common problem in pediatric dentistry and results in behaviors like fear and anger that can negatively affect dental treatments. Exposure to various dental treatments and distressful experiences are reasons for anxiety during dental treatments. The aim of this study was to evaluate effect of cognitive behavioral interventions in reduction of stress during dental procedures in children.

Materials and Methods: In this clinical trial, 42 boys and girls, undergoing dental treatments were selected from dental clinics in Tehran. Patients were assigned to cognitive-behavioral interventions, placebo and control conditions. The fear scale, anger facial scale, pain facial scale and physiologic measure of pulse beat were evaluated. One way ANOVA and Tukey test were used to analyze the results and p<0.05 was the level of significance.

Results: Results showed significant differences between cognitive-behavioral interventions, placebo and control groups regarding fear, anger, pain and pulse beat. Comparison tests revealed that cognitive-behavioral interventions were more effective in reducing fear, anger, pain and pulse beat compared to the placebo or control.

Conclusion: According to the results of this study cognitive-behavioral interventions can be used to reduce distress of children undergoing dental procedures.

Full-Text [PDF 185 kb]   (2404 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: general
Received: 2005/12/5 | Accepted: 2007/04/24 | Published: 2013/08/19

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