Volume 28, Issue 4 (3-2016)                   jdm 2016, 28(4): 315-322 | Back to browse issues page

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Farahat F, Davari A, Amiri M, Mokarizadeh E. Evaluation of dental erosion prevalence and contributing factors in patients referring to Yazd dental school in 2012-2013. jdm. 2016; 28 (4) :315-322
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5439-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Operative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd
2- Professor, Department of Operative Dentistry, Member of Social Determinant of Oral Health Research Center, School of Dentistry, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd
3- Dentist
Abstract:   (3649 Views)

Background and Aims: Dental erosion refers to the loss of tooth structure by being scratched chemically without bacterial involvement which needs to care about due to its prevalence and treatment problems. This study was designed with the aim of evaluation of the frequency of dental erosion and its causing factors in patients referring to yazd dental school in 2012-2013.

Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 400 patients referring to yazd dental school were randomly selected. All of their teeth were evaluated in three surfaces (buccal, lingual and occlusal). The BEWE score was used for classification the extent of damages. Also, patients were given a questionnaire that included patient demographic information and questions to investigate the causes of dental erosion. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 17 and Mann-Whiney, Fisher exact, and Chi-square tests.

Results: In this study, 138 men and 261 women were participated with the mean age of 33.26±10.83. 84 persons (21.1%) had erosion. There was a direct and significant relationship between the dental erosion and patientchr('39')s age (P >0.001). Also, there was a direct relationship between the dental erosion and reflux and consumption of lemon and pickle, beverages, soft beer and juice (P>0.001).

Conclusion: Consumption of lemon and pickle, beverages, soft beer and juice increases the risk of erosion. Considering the prevalence of dental erosion in about 21% of patients, it is necessary to pay more attention to the knowledge of the causes of erosion and reduction strategies of it.

Full-Text [PDF 230 kb]   (1710 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: general
Received: 2016/03/2 | Accepted: 2016/03/2 | Published: 2016/03/2

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