Volume 28, Issue 4 (3-2016)                   jdm 2016, 28(4): 307-314 | Back to browse issues page

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Mohtavipour S T, Nemati S, Haghighat A S J, Mohtavipour S S, Mirkhani M S. Evaluation of anatomic and calcification variation of elongated styloid process on digital panoramic radiographs of patients at the dental faculty of Rasht (Iran). jdm. 2016; 28 (4) :307-314
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5438-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology, School of Dentistry, Gilan University of Medical Sciences
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric, School of Dentistry, Gilan University of Medical Sciences
3- Dentist
Abstract:   (3812 Views)

Background and Aims: Elongation of styloid process may result in development of Eagle syndrome with associated symptoms. This study aimed to assess the frequency of elongated styloid process (ESP) and to evaluate its prevalence according to sex and age.

Materials and Methods: This study was conducted on digital panoramic radiographs of patients refered to the Oral Radiology Department of dental school, Guilan University of Medical Sciences. Styloid process length was measured and classified as elongated, pseudoarticulated, or segmented. Calcification patterns were determined as A, B, C, and D. ESP was defined as length > 30 mm. Data were analyzed by SPSS using T-test, Chi square, Pearson, and Spearman (P<0.05).

Results: A total of 505 digital panoramic radiographs taken from 227 males (45%) and 278 females (55%) aged 10 to 72 (40.1±12.9) years were evaluated. Elongated styloids were present in radiographs of 230 (45.5%) individuals. There was no significant difference in the ESP frequency between males (46.09%) and females (53.91%) (P=0.63). Type I and calcification B pattern showed more frequency than that of other categories.

Conclusion: According to these findings, elongated styloid process was a common condition among the studied population and had a significant correlation to the age.

Full-Text [PDF 247 kb]   (1808 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: general
Received: 2016/03/2 | Accepted: 2016/03/2 | Published: 2016/03/2

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