Volume 21, Issue 4 (19 2008)                   jdm 2008, 21(4): 255-263 | Back to browse issues page

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Sheikhrezaie M, Nekoofar M, Oloomi K. Comparative evaluation of the microhardness of White and Gray MTA after contamination with blood. jdm. 2008; 21 (4) :255-263
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-162-en.html
Abstract:   (4495 Views)

Background and Aim: One of the unique properties of MTA is its setting ability in presence of moisture. The sealing ability of MTA used as a root-end filling was shown to be unaffected by the presence of blood, in vitro. It has been recommended that, because of MTA ability to set in the presence of blood, there is no need to dry the perforation site before MTA placement. On the other hand, based on an in vitro study, it is recommended that hemorrhage be controlled at the perforation site and blood be removed from the perforation walls before placement of tooth-colored MTA. Blood contamination may also affect the crystalline structure of MTA. The microhardness of a material is influenced substantially by some fundamental properties of the material such as crystal structure stability. Thus, it can be used as an indicator of the setting process. It can also indicate the effect of various setting conditions on the overall strength of a material. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of blood contamination on microhardness of white and gray MTA as an indicator of their setting process.

Materials and Methods: In groups 1 and 2 each material has been mixed with distilled water according to manufacturer,s instruction (No contamination groups). In groups 3 and 4 samples were prepared like groups 1 and 2 but the surface of material placed in contact with blood (Surface blood contamination groups). Samples of groups 5 and 6 were mixed with blood instead of distilled water and also the surfaces of the materials were placed in contact with blood (Mixed with blood groups). All samples were stored in 370C and 100% humidity for 96 hours. The microhardness of the samples was measured with Vickers test.

Results: White MTA samples which have not contaminated with blood had the highest microharness (59.9±11.4 N/mm2) while gray MTA mixed with blood had the lowest hardness (18.45±7.8 N/mm2). One-way ANOVA test showed that contamination with blood significantly reduces the microhardness of both white and gray MTA (p<0.001). The difference between white MTA and gray MTA was significant in groups of no contamination (p<0.001), surface blood contamination (p=0.043), and mixed with blood (p<0.001) according to T-Test analysis. In all of them white MTA had higher hardness than gray MTA.

Conclusion: According to results of our study we recommend that hemorrhage should be controlled and any blood contamination should be removed before placement of both white and gray MTA.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: general
Accepted: 2013/08/21 | Published: 2014/01/28

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