Volume 29, Issue 1 (7-2016)                   jdm 2016, 29(1): 70-76 | Back to browse issues page


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Naeeni A Y, Vatani M, Yadegar B B. Reasonable application of antibiotic prophylaxis in maxillofacial trauma: Literature review. jdm. 2016; 29 (1) :70-76
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-5477-en.html

1- Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Khorasgan Islamic Azad University, Esfahan, Iran
2- Post-graduate Student, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Khorasgan Islamic Azad University, Esfahan, Iran
3- General Physician
Abstract:   (2479 Views)

Background and Aims: Despite advances in trauma management, treatment of the consequent infections has remained a major challenge. Antibiotic prophylaxis has been widely applied to reduce such infections. Although bacteria are present in most body parts, severe infections after treatment are less frequent in the head and neck of healthy individuals. The aim of the present study was to review the reasonable application of antibiotic prophylaxis in maxillofacial trauma.

Materials and Methods: In this review article, PubMed and Google Scholar databases were searched for studies on antibiotic prophylaxis in maxillofacial trauma published during 2000-2014.

Conclusion: Antibiotics were not prescribed for tears and small clean wounds in the face and mouth. However, prophylaxis was applied for extensive mouth injuries which involved the facial skin. In case of maxillofacial fractures, 24-hour administration of antibiotics sufficed for compound fractures of the mandible and other parts of the face. Antibiotics were not required in other types of fractures. Prophylaxis should be applied over short pre- or post-operative periods based on the severity and complexity of maxillofacial fractures and their relations with intra- and extraoral environments. Apparently, more detailed studies are warranted to further clarify the subject.

Full-Text [PDF 190 kb]   (869 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: general
Received: 2016/06/22 | Accepted: 2016/06/22 | Published: 2016/06/22

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