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Hosseini H, Ghobadi F, Rezaii V, Maleki D. Evaluation of the prevalence of type and depth of the canine and premolar impaction in digital panoramic view of patients referred to Rasht dental school. jdm. 2021; 34 :1-7
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-6048-en.html
1- Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3- Dentist, School of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
4- Dentist, School of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran; Member of Student Research Committee, School of Dentistry, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (424 Views)
Background and Aims: Knowing the depth and type of the teeth impaction with radiographic approaches can guide the clinicians into selecting the most appropriate treatment and prevent surgical complications. Therefore, the purpose of this article was to evaluate the prevalence of canine and premolar impaction in the digital panoramic view of patients referred to Rasht dental school in 2019.
Materials and Methods: This annalistic-descriptive cross-sectional study comprised patients who attended the Faculty of Dentistry, Rasht, Iran in 2019. Dental records and panoramic radiographs of 500 patients were reviewed retrospectively. Demographic information as well as the type and depth of impaction, involved jaw, and also, the associated pathological lesions were recorded. Data were analyzed with SPSS24 version with significant level of P<0.05.
Results: The findings revealed that among 500 individuals (300 (60%) were females and 200 (40%) were males), 35 individuals (7%) had at least one impacted tooth, 80% of impacted teeth were canines and the others were premolars. The most common impaction type, impaction level, and pathological lesion were mesioangular, B, and carries of the adjacent tooth, respectively. A significant relation was not observed between the type and level of impaction with the involved jaw (P=0.15, P=0.99) and also, the relation between the type of pathological lesion and gender was insignificant (P=0.85).
Conclusion: Functional and esthetic complications of impacted tooth can be prevented or declined by on-time radiographic screening.
Article number: 32
Full-Text [PDF 583 kb]   (152 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: oral and maxillofacial Radiology
Received: 2021/04/10 | Accepted: 2021/11/3 | Published: 2021/05/31

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