Volume 19, Issue 3 (4 2006)                   jdm 2006, 19(3): 76-83 | Back to browse issues page

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Khorsand A, Paknejad M, Vakili F. Evaluation of periodontal condition of menopause women with osteoporosis and osteopenia and comparison with control group. jdm 2006; 19 (3) :76-83
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-264-en.html
Abstract:   (5224 Views)

Background and Aim: Several risk factors directly affect the development of periodontal diseases. Also some systemic diseases act indirectly as predisposing and aggrevating factors. Osteoporosis is one of these factors and one of its main causes is lack of physical activity in postmenopause period. The incidence of osteoporosis is increasing in our country. The goal of this study was to evaluate the periodontal condition of women with osteoporosis and osteopenia referred to bone densitometric division of Loghman hospital in 2003 and compare to control group.

Materials and Methods: In this case control study based on BMD (Bone Mineral Density) measurement of back and thigh using DEXA method, 60 patients referred to bone densitometric division of Loghman hospital, were randomly selected. Cases were divided into three groups, 20 with osteoporosis, 20 with osteopenia and 20 normal cases. Periodontal indices consisting of plaque index (PI), tooth loss (TL), gingival recession (GR), probing pocket depth (PPD) and papilla bleeding index (PBI) were evaluated by clinical and radiographic examination. Data were analyzed by Kruskall Wallis and Dunn tests with p<0.05 as the limit of significance.

Results: PBI, PI and TL were significantly higher in osteoporotic group than osteopenic and normal group. PPD was not different in the three groups. Due to the low prevalence of recession in our study, this parameter was not included in the statistical analysis.

Conclusion: It seems that osteoporosis does not increase the incidence of periodontal diseases because it affects bone quality rather than quantity. In osteoporosis calcium deficiency and increasing age lead to decreased physical activity and ultimately affect the patient's oral hygiene performance. Thus, periodontal manifestations are presented as gingival bleeding and gingivitis.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: general
Received: 2004/12/25 | Accepted: 2006/06/20 | Published: 2013/08/18

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