Volume 25, Issue 3 (1 2012)                   jdm 2012, 25(3): 189-195 | Back to browse issues page

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Kaviani A, Asareh F. Comparison of rebonding effect on microleakage of class V composite restorations using two low viscosity resins: an in vitro study. jdm. 2012; 25 (3) :189-195
URL: http://jdm.tums.ac.ir/article-1-26-en.html
Abstract:   (3003 Views)

Background and Aims: Although composite resin restorations have many advantages, they can lead to several clinical problems. The primary reason for these problems is microleakage. The aim of this study was to compare the rebonding effect on microleakage of class V composite restorations using two low viscosity resins.
Materials and Methods: In this in vitro study, 60 class V composite restorations were performed in buccal and lingual surfaces of human extracted premolars with the occlusal margin in enamel and the gingival margin in dentin/cementum. The teeth were randomly divided into 3 groups: (I) restorations with no rebonding, (II) restoration margins rebonded with an enamel adhesive (Margin Bond), (III) restoration margins rebonded with a specific unfilled resin. The specimens were then thermocycled and immersed in 0.5% fuchsin dye solution. The samples were sectioned longitudinally and observed under a stereomicroscope for assessment of microleakage. The data were analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis, Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests. P<0.05 was considered as the level of significance.
Results: Statistical analysis showed a significant difference in the microleakage of gingival margins (P<0.0001), but not in enamel margins (P=0.148). Microleakage at the gingival margins of group (III) was significantly less than that of group (II). Group (I) showed the highest amount of microleakage.
Conclusion: Rebonding by a low viscosity resin reduces microleakage at the gingival margins of class V composite restorations, but has no significant effect on the occlusal margins.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: general
Received: 2012/01/3 | Accepted: 2012/09/1 | Published: 2013/09/16

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